To not break a bone from the Pesach sacrifice: To not break any from all of the bones of the Pesach sacrifice, as it is stated Exodus , "and a bone of it, you shall not break. From the roots of the commandment is to remember the miracles of Egypt, as we have written in the other [related commandments]. And this is also a trunk from the root mentioned: For it is not honorable for the sons of kings and the advisers of the land to drag the bones and break them like dogs. Except for the impoverished among the people and the starving, it is not a proper thing to do this.

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Premise Edit In the work, the Rambam lists all the mitzvot traditionally contained in the Torah Pentateuch. Note: For each rule, Maimonides cites many illustrative examples. We present only one or two examples for each rule. Commandments of Rabbinic origin from the Oral Law are not counted. This rule excludes lighting candles on Hanukkah and reading Megillat Esther on Purim. Commandments that are not historically permanent are not counted. This rule excludes the prohibition that Levites aged 50 years or older may not serve in the Tabernacle Numbers Commandments that encompass the entire Torah are not counted.

This rule excludes the command to "keep everything that I have instructed you" Exodus The reason for a commandment is not counted as a separate commandment. For example, the Torah forbids a wife to remarry her first husband after she has married a second husband. The Torah then adds, "and do not bring guilt upon the land" Deut. This last statement is a reason that explains the preceding prohibition, so it is not counted separately.

For a commandment with both positive and negative components, the positive component counts as a positive instruction, while the negative component counts as a negative prohibition. For example, the Torah commands to rest on the Sabbath and forbids against doing work on that day.

Resting counts as a positive instruction, and working counts as a negative prohibition. Details of a commandment, that define how it applies, are not counted. For example, the Torah commands certain sinners to bring an animal sin-offering. If they cannot afford it, they may bring two birds instead; and if they cannot afford birds, they may bring a flour-offering instead Leviticus chapter 5. Thus, a wealthy sinner sacrifices an animal, but a destitute sinner brings a flour-offering.

The negation of an obligation Hebrew: shelilah, "is not" is not treated as a prohibition azharah, "do not". This appears obvious, but confusion arises because the Hebrew word lo can mean either "is not" or "do not.

A master who causes his male slave to lose an eye, tooth or limb must grant him freedom, but the female maidservant is not granted such freedom. The verse simply states a fact; it does not command or forbid any activity, so it does not count.

Even if the same instruction or prohibition is repeated many times, it counts only once. In other words, it is correct to count the number of concepts, not the number of statements. For example, the Torah prohibits eating blood in seven different verses Lev. Introductory preparations for performance of a commandment are not counted separately. For example, priests are commanded to place show-bread lechem ha-panim on the Table shulchan in the Tabernacle. The details regarding how to bake the bread Lev.

The parts of a commandment are not counted separately if their combination is necessary for that commandment. For example, the four species for Sukkot are considered one commandment, not four, because a person cannot fulfill this commandment without all four species.

The activities necessary to fulfill a commandment are not counted separately. Rather, the entire process of sacrificing an olah counts as one commandment. A commandment that is performed on many days is only counted once.

For example, the additional mussaf offering for the seven days of Sukkot counts as one commandment, even though a different number of cows is offered each day.

See positive commandment number Each form of punishment is counted as a positive instruction. For example, the Torah commands Beit Din to apply capital punishment by stoning to a blasphemer Lev. This punishment counts once, even though it appears in many different contexts. Commentaries Edit The work is the subject of a number of commentaries, including one from Nahmanides , one titled Megillath Esther "Scroll of Esther", by Isaac de Leon , bearing no direct relationship with the Biblical Book of Esther , and others titled Lev Sameach and Kinath Soferim.

In an appendix, Nahmanides lists commandments that might have merited individual inclusion in his estimation. Influence Edit This work is regarded as the most authoritative listing of the commandments, and numerous later works rely on its enumeration some with minor variations.


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