The Cuban War of Independence[ edit ] This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. The war was brought on by an economic crisis as well as the desire to end slavery. While the farmers in Cuba struggled to feed their families, the colonial administration continued to bring in profit from military ventures. In response, enraged farmers rose to fight. The uprising started October
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The Cuban War of Independence[ edit ] This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. The war was brought on by an economic crisis as well as the desire to end slavery. While the farmers in Cuba struggled to feed their families, the colonial administration continued to bring in profit from military ventures. In response, enraged farmers rose to fight. The uprising started October Though efforts nearly failed within the first few days, within weeks the numbers of volunteers reached 12, Eventually, rebels took over the city of Bayamo , making a significant victory that brought hope to the people.
Within three months Bayamo was again seized by the Spanish, but by that time the city had been burned to the ground. As the war spread over the country, Gomez was replaced, but after the threat of ethnic cleansing, Gomez returned to his position. After time, the Cuban people held a constitutional assembly on April 10, in an attempt to create a new government for themselves.
During the assembly, it was determined that a separation between military and civilian affairs would exist. While this was concluded rather peacefully between the people of Cuba, it resulted in the Spanish raging a war of extermination. In the end, 17 years of tension would exists between Cuba and Spain. Instead, the Cuban people simply hoped for a peaceful settlement with Spain. The war ended September , as revolutionary leaders were arrested and the rebels were defeated.
Following the Little War , Spain did little to follow through with their promises of reform. While Cuba was able to send representatives to the Spanish parliament, this brought no real change to the daily life of the Cuban people. At age 18, Marti was sent into exile by the Spanish due to his radical political views.
Following his second exile, he traveled to the United States where he worked to establish the Cuban Revolutionary Party as a force to be reckoned with. Following the singing of the document in Montecristi , Marti returned to Cuba to fight alongside the rebels. Shortly after, he was killed in battle. The elected leaders of the revolution today confirm, admit, and recognize their obligation and duty, which is to let Cuba know that their homeland will not be bloodied without a reason or without a hope of triumph.
Cuba is embarking upon this war with full certainty, of the capacity and ability of the Cuban people, to save the patria and to obtain their liberty and govern its independence. Cubans return to war with more educated and capable individuals, which are willing to fight, even though they know the dangers that this war represent, to help Cuba to become an independent nation, free from the intervention and the abuses of the Spanish regime or of any outside source.
This war will not be a cradle of tyranny or disorder, which shows the moderation of Cubans. They will show respect to all the honorable Spaniard who remain neutral and do not oppose, or who even help, to the war of independence against the colonial regime over the island. However, the ones who oppose the war of liberation will be bloodied and persecuted ; the Cubans started the war, and the Cubans and Spaniards should finish it.
We will treat respect with respect, mistreat with mistreat, war with war, and friendship with friendship. Cuba, the revolution, all its heroes and martyrs , now deny the notion of any threat by the Negro race; this nonsense thought was inspired by the Spanish regime, for their benefit and to stir up fear in those individuals seeking for the revolutionary war. Why do novelty and a social status are more important for white men than the humanity, integrity, intelligence and even the life of a black compatriot?
The revolution knows and proclaims that the black race should have the same rights as any other individual in Cuba; since they have demonstrated their intelligence and their virtue.
Upon the shoulders of the black man, the republic of Cuba has moved in safety. Montecristi, 25 de Marzo de It is to include the participation of all blacks in which it was very much crucial for the victory of war. Also, Spaniards who did not object to the war effort should be spared, since they choose to not involve themselves. No collateral damage should be done, private rural properties shall remain. With the end of the war, the revolution of the country shall bring new economic life to Cuba.
The bill was passed with much empathy, and was renowned as "The Law that Glorifies the Apostle. Not only did this law order principal streets or statues in name of him, but it includes that on an annual basis schoolchildren must offer tribute with flowers at any commemorative area where songs and verses were recited. People who attended listen to panegyrics from the many speakers that come.
Manifiesto de Montecristi
La guerra no es, en el concepto sereno de los que aun hoy la representan, y de la revoluciуn pъblica y responsable que los eligiу, el insano triunfo de un partido cubano sobre otro, o la humillaciуn siquiera de un grupo equivocado de cubanos: sino la demostraciуn solemne de la voluntad de un paнs harto probado [para lanzarse a la ligera, viva aun la herida de] en la guerra anterior para lanzarse a la ligera en un conflicto sуlo terminable por la victoria o el sepulcro, sin causas bastantes profundas para sobreponerse a las cobardнas humanas y sus [hбbiles] varios disfraces, y sin determinaciуn tan respetable por ir firmada por la muerte que debe imponer silencio a aquellos cubanos menos venturosos que no se sienten poseнdos de igual fe en las capacidades de su pueblo ni de valor igual con que emanciparlo de su [infamia] servidumbre. La guerra no es la tentativa caprichosa de una independencia mбs temible que ъtil, que sуlo tendrнan derecho a demorar o condenar los que mostrasen la virtud y el propуsito de conducirla a otra mбs viable y segura, y que no debe en verdad apetecer un pueblo que no la pueda sustentar; sino el producto disciplinado de la reuniуn de hombres enteros que en el reposo de la experiencia se han decidido a encarar otra vez los peligros que conocen, y de la congregaciуn cordial de los cubanos de mбs diverso origen, convencidos de que en la conquista de la libertad se adquieren mejor que en el abyecto abatimiento las virtudes necesarias para mantenerla. La guerra no es contra el espaсol, que, en el seguro de sus hijos y en el acatamiento de la patria que se ganen podrб gozar respetado, y aun amado, de la libertad, que sуlo arrollarб a los que le salgan, imprevisores, al camino. Ni del desorden, ajeno a la moderaciуn probada del espнritu de Cuba, serб cuna la guerra; ni de la tiranнa. Entre Cuba en la guerra con la plena seguridad, inaceptables sуlo a los cubanos sedentarios y parciales, de la competencia de sus hijos para obtener el triunfo por la energнa de la revoluciуn pensadora y magnбnima, y de la capacidad de los cubanos, cultivada en diez aсos primeros de fusiуn sublime, y en las prбcticas modernas del gobierno y el trabajo, [de los pueblos,] para salvar la patria desde su raнz de los desacomodos y tanteos, necesarios al principio del siglo, sin comunicaciones y sin preparaciуn, en las repъblicas feudales y teуricas de Hispano-Amйrica. Punible ignorancia o alevosнa fuera desconocer las causas, a menudo gloriosas y ya generalmente redimidas, de los trastornos americanos, venidos del [anhelo] error de ajustar a moldes extranjeros, de [teorнa incierta, teorнa o extrema idea] dogma incierto o mera relaciуn [local, accidental en] a su lugar de origen, la realidad ingenua de los paнses que conocнan sуlo de las libertades el ansia que las conquista, y la soberanнa que se gana por pelear por ellas. La concentraciуn de la cultura meramente literaria en las capitales; el errуneo apego de las repъblicas [al rango] a las costumbres seсoriales de la colonia; la creaciуn de caudillos rivales consiguiente al trato receloso e imperfecto de las [regiones] comarcas apartadas; la condiciуn rudimentaria de la ъnica industria, agrнcola y ganadera; y el abandono y desdйn [punible] de la fecunda raza indнgena en las disputas de [dogma] credo o localidad [nacidas de] que esas causas [nacнan del de] de los trastornos en los pueblos de Amйrica mantenнan, -no son, de ningъn modo, los problemas de la [nacional] sociedad cubana.
MANIFIESTO DE MONTECRISTI JOSE MARTI PDF
Mexico has years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. He was very politically active, and is considered an important revolutionary philosopher and political theorist. More like this User lists Similar Items. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Not only did this law order principal streets or statues in name of him, but it includes that on an annual basis schoolchildren must offer tribute with flowers at any commemorative area where songs and verses were recited.
Manifesto of Montecristi
Nikomi In these writings, he expressed his opinions about current events in Mexico. Would you also like to submit a review for this item? Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca. Following the Little WarSpain did little to follow through with their promises of reform. I cultivate a white rose . Manifesto of Montecristi — Wikipedia Instead, the Cuban people simply hoped for a peaceful settlement with Spain. Preview this item Preview this item.