Tottering as it is on its tattered, patchwork platform, the ruling party has found it more and more expedient to hark back to the ancestry of its leader and the political legacy of Jawaharlal and Indira. The Government has contrived to dovetail the centenary with the 40th anniversary of Independence in order to project Nehru as the dominant pillar of nationalism. The censored version had already criticised Nehru for twice insisting on the theoretically correct line instead of pragmatically accommodating the Muslim League in order to diffuse Muslim fears. The complete version is more strident. Azad firmly castigates Nehru for his "blunders" and repeatedly blames him for giving the League a handle with which to force Partition. Worse, he calls Nehru "impulsive and very amenable to personal influences" - specifically of the Mountbattens and Krishna Menon.

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He was one of the most prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu-Muslim unity, opposing the partition of India on communal lines. He is also known for having predicted the future military rule and partition of Pakistan before its independence. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; he had adopted Azad Free as his pen name. His contribution to establishing the education foundation of India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as National Education Day across India.

As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urdu as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes of Indian nationalism.

Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement during which he came into close contact with Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. He would become the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress in Azad was one of the main organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in , and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.

He served as Congress President from to , during which the Quit India rebellion was launched and Azad was imprisoned with the entire Congress leadership for three years. Azad became the most prominent Muslim opponent of the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and served in the interim national government. Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious harmony.

He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an important institution to supervise and advance the higher education in the nation.


India Wins Freedom

Author: Abul Kalam Azad Reviewed by Abdur Rahman India wins freedom is a political autobiography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad beginning with the introduction of the government of India act by the British India and the events leading to the partition of the Subcontinent. It consists of pages covering sixteen chapters on major political developments and events in the history of undivided India after Maulana Azad was born in Mecca in in a traditional religious family. His father moved to India from Makkah in along with the whole family and settled in Calcutta.


India Wins Freedom by Abdul Kalam Azad: Certain to be a bombshell

During the Indian Rebellion of , he left India and settled in Mecca. His father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al Hussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry, [5] while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia. An avid and determined student, the precocious Azad was running a library, a reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; wanted to write on the life of Al-Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Makhzan a literary magazine at fourteen; [10] was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age. But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq [14] and was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism.

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