IMMANUEL VELIKOVSKY MANKIND IN AMNESIA PDF

Pseudoscience is an examination of events, happenings or phenomenon through a perspective which lacks sufficient supporting evidence, which is not verifiable to the extent required for it to be categorised as scientific, and which lacks clear and convincing proof. In essence, it fails to satisfy even the minimal conditions that the scientific community asks for before accepting any theory or explanation. By comparing the accounts mentioned in the earliest works of literature, the scriptures of various religions, and the myths and legends prevalent in various parts of the world, he tries to understand the world of antiquity and reconstruct events that, supposedly, actually happened, but which gradually got lost in folklore and metaphors used in all of the above works. Just like a victim of a trauma, who tends to repress memories of the event by pretending as if the event never happened, the trauma of these events has taken the form of repressed memories in the human collective, passing down from generation to generation.

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Pseudoscience is an examination of events, happenings or phenomenon through a perspective which lacks sufficient supporting evidence, which is not verifiable to the extent required for it to be categorised as scientific, and which lacks clear and convincing proof. In essence, it fails to satisfy even the minimal conditions that the scientific community asks for before accepting any theory or explanation.

By comparing the accounts mentioned in the earliest works of literature, the scriptures of various religions, and the myths and legends prevalent in various parts of the world, he tries to understand the world of antiquity and reconstruct events that, supposedly, actually happened, but which gradually got lost in folklore and metaphors used in all of the above works. Just like a victim of a trauma, who tends to repress memories of the event by pretending as if the event never happened, the trauma of these events has taken the form of repressed memories in the human collective, passing down from generation to generation.

Additionally, the last such cataclysm happened before effective means of recording information had developed. As a result, the knowledge of the happenings could only be passed down orally and thus took the form of legends over the centuries. To begin with, Velikovsky must be commended for the amount of research he has done. He quotes from the Old and New Testament and from the writings of Plato with equal ease; he delves into ancient Egyptian mythology as comfortably as ancient Greek mythology.

It is but obvious that rigorous research is a prerequisite for the kind of hypotheses that he puts forward, especially since it is predestined to receive intense opposition. Therefore, the principal issue with the book is not in misrepresentation of facts, but in their misinterpretation. Velikovsky starts off with a few pertinent ideas. For example, he says Plato was able to understand the violent past that mankind had suffered, and repeatedly tried to give such signs through his writings.

However, his disciple Aristotle could never agree with his teacher and tried to spread uniformitarianism, for example, by giving the idea of Celestial Spheres, according to which the stars and planets were so placed that no collision among them was even theoretically possible — thus being diametrically opposed to the supposed ideas of his predecessor.

Again, he quotes from the journals of Darwin where he noted observing collections of bones of dead animals of a wide range of species - both extinct and extant — spread over large areas. This was clearly an indication that it was one single sudden event that led to their deaths, and very unlike the mass extinction events that took place over millions of years - for example the Permian-Triassic extinction event. However, in his zeal, Velikovsky ends up presenting such crude examples and tries to find forced patterns in such areas where, quite clearly, none exist, that the quality of the narrative nosedives into absurdity, almost amnesiac of the quality of the previous chapters.

He quotes Darkness by Lord Byron and says it is the spontaneous outpour of the repressed memories present in every human, Lord Byron in this case. He says psychiatry was capable of preventing the World Wars as the leaders were only falling prey to their darkest inner fears and repeating the mistakes mankind had made in the past.

This is such a simplistic and reductionist interpretation, that even I will reduce my arguments against it. I do not know. Velikovsky tries to find literal meanings in metaphorical accounts, and does this so often that it loses its novelty value.

It stays consistent within its boundaries but the moment it steps out to be scrutinised, it stands absolutely no chance. His ideas are radical and revolutionary. But they cannot stand if there is not enough proof to support them.

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Immanuel Velikovsky

The son of Shimon Simon Yehiel Velikovsky — and Beila Grodensky, he learned several languages as a child and was sent away to study at the Medvednikov Gymnasium in Moscow , where he performed well in Russian and mathematics. He graduated with a gold medal in Velikovsky then traveled in Europe and visited Palestine before briefly studying medicine at Montpellier in France and taking premedical courses at the University of Edinburgh. He returned to Russia before the outbreak of World War I , enrolled in the University of Moscow , and received a medical degree in

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Mankind in Amnesia

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