It is based on lessons learned from previous counterinsurgencies and contemporary operations. It is also based on existing interim doctrine and doctrine recently developed. Counterinsurgency operations generally have been neglected in broader American military doctrine and national security policies since the end of the Vietnam War over 30 years ago. This manual is designed to reverse that trend.
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It is based on lessons learned from previous counterinsurgencies and contemporary operations. It is also based on existing interim doctrine and doctrine recently developed. Counterinsurgency operations generally have been neglected in broader American military doctrine and national security policies since the end of the Vietnam War over 30 years ago.
This manual is designed to reverse that trend. It is also designed to merge traditional approaches to COIN with the realities of a new international arena shaped by technological advances, globalization, and the spread of extremist ideologies -- some of them claiming the authority of a religious faith.
The manual begins with a description of insurgencies and counterinsurgencies. The first chapter includes a set of principles and imperatives necessary for successful COIN operations.
Chapter 2 discusses nonmilitary organizations commonly involved in COIN operations and principles for integrating military and civilian activities. Chapter 3 addresses aspects of intelligence specific to COIN operations. The next two chapters discuss the design and execution of those operations. Developing host-nation security forces, an essential aspect of successful COIN operations, is the subject of chapter 6. Leadership and ethical concerns are addressed in chapter 7. Chapter 8, which concerns sustainment of COIN operations, concludes the basic manual.
The appendixes contain useful supplemental information. Appendix A discusses factors to consider during the planning, preparation, execution, and assessment of a COIN operation. Appendixes B and C contain supplemental intelligence information. Appendix D addresses legal concerns. Appendix E describes the role of airpower.
Maneuver Self Study Program
Army and U. Marine Corps Counterinsurgency Manual, authored by Gen. David Petraeus and signed by him on the second page, along with Marine Corps General James Amos, two of the most respected commanders in the U. The impressive and influential page document addresses the many difficult Counterinsurgency COIN issues that are in the news daily. The manual attempts to rectify the lack of analysis of counterinsurgency operations that has persisted since the end of the Vietnam War in the s. FM defines what an insurgency is and how it relates to conventional war.
FM 3-24-2.0? Why US Counterinsurgency Doctrine Needs an Update
Even though U. Irregular warfare is the oldest form of warfare—it long predates the rise of conventional armies in ancient Mesopotamia around BC. Irregular warfare has been ubiquitous throughout history and is more important than ever today, at a time when conventional warfare is growing increasingly rare. Irregular-warfare tactics, on the other hand, have shown a far higher likelihood of success against American military forces.
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Kazitaur The most pertinent question in a revolutionary war would simply be how to provide the maximum benefit at the lowest cost, but this is counteronsurgency wholly inadequate when individual loyalties are influenced more by group identity than by beliefs about government effectiveness. Still, the LLOs are in line with the overall theory that lack of state capacity leads to state illegitimacy, which in turn leads to insurgency. The views expressed are those of the authors, and do not reflect the fj position of the United States Military Academy, Department of the Army, or Department of Defense. Classical, Early, and Medieval Prose and Writers: Army Field Manual The Army Field ManualCounterinsurgencyprovided a much-needed course change for American forces in Iraq and Afghanistan by focusing the attention of commanders on factors that are not traditionally the concern of the American military. Stephen Biddle, for example, made this point explicitly couhterinsurgency The chapter considers responses to the manual at various stages, including after its release, and considers its institutionalization across the US government and military. FM frames counterinsurgendy as a contest between insurgents and governments over an undecided population, a contest whose outcome is principally determined by the relative capability of each side to govern people.
FM 3.24 COUNTERINSURGENCY PDF
Counter-insurgency operations include many different facets: military , paramilitary , political , economic , psychological , and civic actions taken to defeat insurgency. To understand counter-insurgency, one must understand insurgency to comprehend the dynamics of revolutionary warfare. Insurgents capitalize on societal problems, often called gaps; counter-insurgency addresses closing the gaps. When the gaps are wide, they create a sea of discontent, creating the environment in which the insurgent can operate. Caldwell IV wrote: The law of armed conflict requires that, to use force, " combatants " must distinguish individuals presenting a threat from innocent civilians. This basic principle is accepted by all disciplined militaries.