This research aims to know how classism and economical alienation affects social oppresion in the story. In many stories, either actual stories or fiction highlighting poverty as the main problem, classism is indeed the first factor to be the start of the problems. Underpayment, overloaded work, and overtime shift in the construction sometimes are identified as oppression, but not as social oppression. It means that workers are alienated from the wealth they worked to unfair, cheaper wage.
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Class struggle predates Karl Marx; one may boldly say that it describes the history of all existing human civilizations. Social classes are often described as either upper, middle or lower based on income, wealth or estate.
However, Marxist notion of class in a capitalist setting is based on the control of means of production. This may be perceived as a form of neocolonialism, labour is exploited to create economic and socio-political dominance. A most shameful version of Apartheid in post colonial Africa, perpetrated by Africans on fellow Africans. Burdened by extreme poverty and hunger, the masses inevitably revolt against oppression.
The ensuing struggle, though often violent, non-violent struggle is not uncommon. In the selected texts, forms of class struggle includes: industrial strike actions, protests, rallies, pilferage, sabotage etc Class struggle in Africa is inextricably linked to corruption and injustice.
In an unjust society where wealth is unevenly distributed and the rule of law biased, class struggle is seen as a necessity. It becomes the only available option for the masses to fight for economic and social relevance. Class struggle is a brave attempt at reshaping capitalism into a more equitable system of governance and giving birth to a truly egalitarian, economically viable and politically stable Nation. Class struggle is a bold step towards achieving a true utopian society, which is the ultimate Marxist phantom.
This research investigates how judiciously the understudied works reveal the existence of class struggle and other sub-themes like, oppression and negritude in the context of francophone and Anglophone Africa. The choice of works based on Senegal and Nigeria is motivated by the fact that, the two countries give a fair representation of West Africa, giving the Francophone and the Anglophone point of view.
This is imperative as it is almost certainly impossible to study works from every part of Africa considering the constraints of time and resources.
This research is also a celebration of artistic imagination and dexterity displayed by these distinguished African Writers, Animata Sowfall and Festus Iyayi. Themes of class struggle and related sub-themes like poverty, rule of law, democracy etc were adequately analyzed. This research is based on the Marxist-Leninist theory of the society, which could be simply paraphrased as: The exploiters oppress the exploited while the exploited attempt to get ride of exploitation and the exploiters.
The sample frame is Senegal and Nigeria which were the setting in the selected texts, this research also made use of demographic analysis as well as a general overview of the Characters and the artistic styles employed by the authors. The current president is Abdoulaye Wade , re-elected in March On August 20, Senegal became an independent republic with the famous Leopold Sedar Senghor as first president.
Previous unicameral system was abandoned in , Senegal now run a bicameral parliament, consisting of the National Assemble and the Senate. Senegal is divided into 14 divisions, headed by local administrators appointed and accountable to the president. Power is intensely centralized and this often leads to criticism of Senegalese political structure, state and religion are not clearly demarcated as a majorly Islamic population, leaders of Islamic groups called the marabouts often play major role in politics.
Senegal has a wide variety of ethnic groups and, as in most West African countries, several languages are widely spoken. The main industries include food processing , mining , cement , artificial fertilizer , chemicals , textiles , refining imported petroleum , and tourism. Exports include fish, chemicals, cotton, fabrics, groundnuts , and calcium phosphate Population Senegal has a population of over Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean.
The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Nigeria are the Hausa , Igbo and Yoruba. In terms of religion Nigeria is roughly split half and half between Muslims and Christians with a very small minority who practice traditional religion. Capital city is Abuja. Present president is Goodluck Jonathan. The Senate is a seat body with three members from each state and one from the capital region of Abuja; members are elected by popular vote to four-year terms.
The House contains seats and the number of seats per state is determined by population. Nigeria economy is largely based on petroleum. There are two broad areas that have set apart Marxism-Leninism as a school of thought.
Lenin called this time-frame the era of Imperialism. Lenin believed that the traditional model of the Social Democratic parties of the time, which was a loose, multitendency organization was inadequate for overthrowing the Tsarist regime in Russia. He proposed a cadre of professional revolutionaries that disciplined itself under the model of Democratic Centralism. In solving the national question Leninism profer the following thesis: a] The world is divided into two camps: the camp of a handful of civilised nations, which possess finance capital and exploit the vast majority of the population of the globe; and the camp of the oppressed and exploited peoples in the colonies and dependent countries, which constitute that majority; b] The colonies and dependent countries, oppressed and exploited by finance capital, constitute a vast reserve and a very important source of strength for imperialism; c] The revolutionary struggle of the oppressed peoples in the dependent and colonial countries against imperialism is the only road that leads to their emancipation from oppression and exploitation 1.
Discuss 1. The ruling class of the two basic classes of capitalist society, consisting of capitalists, manufacturers, bankers, and other employers. The bourgeoisie owns the most important of the means of production, through which it exploits the working class Capitalism: An economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market Means of production: the raw materials and means of labour tools, machines, etc.
July 14, Hello peeps, how has the month been? I have decided to take the bull by the horns and do it anyways. Where do I start? The storyline spans roughly weeks, my guess being right.
Festus Iyayi and Narrative Techniques: A Formalist Reading of Violence
His family lived on little means but instilled in him strong moral lessons about life. Iyayi left Nigeria to pursue his higher education, obtaining a M. D from the University of Bradford , England. In , he went back to Benin and became a lecturer in the Department of Business Administration at the University of Benin. As a member of staff of the university, he became interested in radical social issues, and a few years after his employment, he became the president of the local branch of the Academic Staff Union of Universities ASUU , a radical union known for its upfront style on academic and social welfare. He rose to the position of president of the national organization in , but in , the union was briefly banned and Iyayi was detained. In that same year he won the Commonwealth Writers Prize for his novel Heroes.
Thursday, June 01, Violence — Festus Iyayi, reviewed by Tolase Latinwo The novel, Violence, revolves round the life of Idemudia, a poor, jobless man in his late twenties who faces hardship and struggles to make a living. The desperate need for Idemudia to fend for himself and his wife, Adisa, often pushes him to extremes such as selling his blood. Unfortunately, all he ever gets is temporary relief as poverty refuses to release its tight grip on him. When he gets a menial job as a labourer, he clutches onto it like a drowning man would straw only to work himself into a coma.