Species: itajara Common Names English language common names include goliath grouper, jewfish, blackbass, esonue grouper, giant seabass, grouper, hamlet, southern jewfish, and spotted jewfish. Photo courtesy Kenneth Krysko Of historical importance to commercial fisheries, the goliath grouper has also long been prized by recreational and sport fishers. Traditionally, the species has been caught primarily by hook and line, traps, and trawls. Spear fishers find this fish easy to approach; hence in locations accessible to divers their numbers have declined.

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Discrete populations of E. Distinguished by the following characteristics: brownish yellow, grey or greenish body color; head and dorsal part of body and fins with small black spots; body robust and elongate; body depth contained 2. Pelvic fins smaller than the pectorals. Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin. Juveniles tawny with irregular vertical bands. Found on rock, coral, or mud bottoms Ref. Juveniles found in mangrove areas and brackish estuaries Ref.

Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref. Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement. Feeds primarily on crustaceans, particularly spiny lobsters as well as turtles and fishes, including stingrays. Territorial near its refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body. Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attacks divers. Over-fished, primarily by spear fishing Ref. Marketed fresh and salted. Meat is of excellent quality.

Important game fish Ref. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref. Collaborators Heemstra, P. Randall, FAO Species Catalogue. Groupers of the world family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date.

Rome: FAO. FAO Fish.



Freely accessible to everyone, over half a million people every month, from over countries, used Arkive to learn and discover the wonders of the natural world. Since Wildscreen was unable to raise sufficient funds from trusts, foundations, corporates and individual donors to support the year-round costs of keeping Arkive online. Therefore, the charity had been using its reserves to keep the project online and was unable to fund any dedicated staff to maintain Arkive, let alone future-proof it, for over half a decade. Despite appeals for support, just 85 of our 5. As a small conservation charity, Wildscreen eventually reached the point where it could no longer financially sustain the ongoing costs of keeping Arkive free and online or invest in its much needed development. For many years, and in an attempt to keep Arkive online for years to come, Wildscreen investigated the possibility of transferring custodianship of the website to another environmental charity or institution but due to legal issues and the cost of doing so, we were unable to secure any support. Therefore, a very hard decision was made to take the www.


Human uses



Epinephelus itajara


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