Download the pdf Canine infectious tracheobronchitis CITB , also colloquially known as canine cough, is a highly contagious multifactorial disease characterized by acute or chronic inflammation of the trachea and bronchial airways. It is usually a mild, self-limiting disease but may progress to fatal bronchopneumonia in puppies or to chronic bronchitis in debilitated adult or aged dogs. It is commonly seen where dogs are in close contact with each other, e. The disease can spread rapidly among susceptible dogs housed in close confinement and signs can persist for some weeks. Etiology and Pathogenesis Canine parainfluenza virus, canine adenovirus 2 CAV-2 , or canine distemper virus can be the primary or sole pathogen involved.
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Kennel Cough in Dogs Kennel cough, the common name given to canine infectious respiratory disease CIRD complex, is a highly contagious respiratory disease among dogs.
Kennel cough is found throughout the world and is known to infect a high percentage of dogs at least once during their lifetime. It is also sometimes referred to as bordetellosis, after the bacteria most commonly associated with the symptoms.
Young puppies often suffer the most severe complications that can result from kennel cough since they have immature immune systems. Also at increased risk are older dogs, who may have decreased immune capabilities; pregnant dogs, who also have lowered immunity; and dogs with preexisting respiratory diseases.
In these groups, kennel cough can rapidly become pneumonia , a serious complication that may require hospitalization of your dog. Any of these organisms, along with a long list of other less common organisms, can cause the symptoms of this disease, alone or in combination. Infections with multiple organisms tend to cause the most severe symptoms. Dogs often develop clinical signs associated with kennel cough days after exposure to a large number of other dogs e.
Dogs may also experience mild symptoms after receiving the vaccine. If a dog does not respond to treatment as expected, additional testing e. Treating Kennel Cough Treatment depends on the severity of the infection.
If your dog is alert, active, eating well and has only minor symptoms, your veterinarian may only prescribe general supportive care, like rest, good hydration and proper nutrition. Dogs who develop pneumonia often need to be hospitalized for more aggressive treatment.
Living and Management of Kennel Cough in Dogs In order to prevent the spread of this disease, dogs with kennel cough should be isolated until they are better and no longer contagious. Any dog who potentially comes into contact with another dog especially those who attend shows or spend time in boarding, day care facilities or dog parks should be vaccinated against Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine parainfluenza virus. All dogs should be vaccinated against canine adenovirus. Even after being vaccinated, dogs may still acquire kennel cough although usually a less severe form than they would have otherwise.
It is best to be observant and prepared. If one dog in your home acquires kennel cough, the other dogs in your home are likely to develop symptoms as well.
If possible, keep the dogs separate and deep clean all surfaces the dogs use, including bedding and flooring. Although this infection usually does not cross over to humans, there are instances where young children and adults with compromised immune systems may be at risk. In these instances, it is best to talk to your health care provider about your options.
Tracheobronchitis (Bronchitis) in Dogs
Canine herpes virus Symptoms of Tracheobronchitis The symptoms of tracheobronchitis will be similar regardless of the virus that causes the infection. However, if the infection is caused by the parainfluenza virus, the symptoms will be less severe and will typically go away in up to 6 days; while in the case of tracheobronchitis caused by other viruses, the symptoms may be present for 10 days on average and up to 3 weeks. Typically, the symptoms of tracheobronchitis will be visible after 2 to 14 days after the exposure. The symptoms of tracheobronchitis will include: Nasal discharge that is transparent Lack of appetite Pneumonia, if the infection advances to the lungs Diagnosis of Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis The vet will make a diagnosis judging by the symptoms displayed by the dog and he will also ask you if the dog has been recently exposed to a kennel.
Infectious Tracheobronchitis (Kennel Cough) in Dogs
Kennel Cough in Dogs Kennel cough, the common name given to canine infectious respiratory disease CIRD complex, is a highly contagious respiratory disease among dogs. Kennel cough is found throughout the world and is known to infect a high percentage of dogs at least once during their lifetime. It is also sometimes referred to as bordetellosis, after the bacteria most commonly associated with the symptoms. Young puppies often suffer the most severe complications that can result from kennel cough since they have immature immune systems. Also at increased risk are older dogs, who may have decreased immune capabilities; pregnant dogs, who also have lowered immunity; and dogs with preexisting respiratory diseases.
Loss of appetite Possible development of pneumonia Severe cases are typically only seen in dogs with a compromised immune system or puppies who have not yet been vaccinated. Types Your dog may experience a mild or severe case of infectious tracheobronchitis. In the mild form, your dog will have a recurrent cough, however, will continue to have a good appetite and be alert. In the more severe form of the disease, your dog will have a fever, lose his appetite and possibly experience pneumonia.