Life[ edit ] Born in Riga , a part of the Russian Empire , the Jewish Yiddish-speaking Nimzowitsch came from a wealthy family, where he learned chess from his father Shaya Abramovich Nimtsovich , Pinsk —? By the family lived in Dvinsk. He won his first international tournament at Munich During the Russian Revolution , Nimzowitsch was in the Baltic war zone.
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He won a string of international events in the mids which led him to challenge Jose Raul Capablanca to a World Championship match in , but negotiations dissolved after monetary backing could not be found. He took first place at Copenhagen , Dresden , Karlsbad and Frankfurt He had a lengthy and somewhat bitter conflict with Siegbert Tarrasch over which ideas constituted proper chess play. While Tarrasch refined the classical approach of Wilhelm Steinitz , that the center had to be controlled and occupied by pawns, Nimzowitsch shattered these dogmatic assumptions, and proposed the controlling of the center with pieces from afar.
In this way, the opponent is invited to occupy the center with pawns which thus become the targets of attack. This idea became known as the hypermodern school of chess thought. Nimzowitsch, along with other hypermodern thinkers such as Richard Reti , revolutionized chess, proving to the chess world that controlling the center of the board mattered more than actually occupying it.
Nimzowitsch is also a highly-regarded chess writer, most famously for the classic My System, to this day regarded as one of the most important chess books of all time. Other books include Chess Praxis, which further expounds the hypermodern idea, and the seminal work The Blockade, which explores the strategy implied by his famous maxim, "First restrain, then blockade, finally destroy!
The Nimzo-Indian Defense 1. He died of pneumonia on March 16, in Copenhagen, Denmark.
My System (Chess Classics), Aron Nimzowitsch - download book